Discover the 5 early symptoms of HIV infection before it is too late. Acting on time can be vital. We also tell you how to protect yourself.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affects the human immune system. Specifically, it does eliminate the protective “T” cells. As a result, the body gradually loses its ability to fight the infection. Unfortunately, the body can not get rid of the virus alone.
If you do not treat this disease quickly, HIV leads to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). That is why it is so important to know and detect your symptoms in time to take action, if necessary.
How is HIV transmitted?
This deadly virus can be transmitted person to person. Generally, the HIV virus is contracted through unprotected sex. It can also be contracted through the use of contaminated needles and syringes. The virus can enter the body only with certain infected fluids, such as blood, saliva, sperm, vaginal or pre-seminal secretions and breast milk.
Sexual contact with different people and injecting drug abuse increase the risk of contracting HIV. The problem is also that immunodeficiency can progress in the human body without causing specific symptoms, especially during the early stages.
How does HIV develop in the body?
The first symptoms are very similar to the flu . They appear within 2 to 4 weeks after infection. This period is called acute retroviral syndrome, which lasts an average of one or two weeks.
At the end of this stage of the disease, the infection progresses to a chronic state (clinical latency). Although the virus is still active and continues to attack the human immune system. This phase can last several years without signs related to HIV. The progression of the disorder develops individually, according to health status, lifestyle and treatment .
People who take antiretroviral medications regularly can stay in this phase even for decades. However, those who receive this treatment can transmit HIV to others. Although it is a disease without apparent cure, it can be useful to know the 5 early symptoms of HIV infection to stop the virus and avoid reaching an irreversible state.
How to recognize the presence of AIDS in the body?
There are several symptoms that can be serious signs of HIV:
Fever is a normal reaction of the immune system to infection. Mild persistent fever (between 37.6 ° C and 38.2 ° C) is one of the first symptoms of HIV. Remember that the increase in body temperature can be caused by a wide variety of other conditions and diseases.
2- Inflamed lymph nodes
As part of the immune system, lymph nodes store specific protective cells and filter out harmful agents. They are found throughout the body, including the head, neck, armpits and groin. If HIV develops, the lymph nodes enlarge and remain swollen for several months.
3- Rashes on the skin
Skin lesions and rashes on the genitals, anus or mouth can be warning signs of HIV because the skin becomes very sensitive to irritants and sunlight. In addition, immunodeficient people are more likely to experience herpes and shingles.
4- Extreme fatigue
Do not panic, your exhaustion at the end of the workday is not a sign of HIV. It is worth consulting a health professional if you have unexplained long-term fatigue that does not go away after sleeping and resting. Lack of energy can indicate many health problems, including HIV.
5- Fungal infection in the genitals and other parts of the body
The fungus is a fairly common problem in women. For HIV-positive women, it can be harder to get rid of candidiasis. In addition to the genitals, the yeast infection (often located in the female reproductive organ) can also affect the mouth and even the esophagus, causing swallowing problems. Immunodeficiency increases the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections such as trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and papillomavirus.
In more advanced cases, HIV can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, extreme weight loss, muscle and joint pain and chronic cough.
– If you think you may be infected, we recommend, first of all, a complete blood test.
– always have protected sex to avoid the risk of contracting HIV and other venereal diseases.
– It uses disposable material in case of blood extraction or injections for any cause or treatment.
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