The dengue is a viral disease currently affecting large areas of the globe and is claiming countless lives. According to WHO, 390 million dengue infections occur each year. In this Effective Health article we will explain how you can prevent it, what happens if the mosquito bites you and what you should do.
A theme that we could not stop touching is the disease of dengue because in our days it has become an epidemic in large regions of America and the world. Dengue virus is transmitted by the female of the species “ Aedes Aegypti” of the mosquito that bears her name. It abounds in tropical areas, where the environmental conditions for its propagation are recreated: abundant rainfall, high temperatures and places of precarious urbanization and precarious sanitary conditions.
Did you know that there are several types of dengue?
Dengue virus is classified into 4 types according to its severity: DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4. The last two are serious and can be life-threatening.
– Intense fever (around 40 °)
– Pain (behind the eyes, migraines, muscle and joint pain)
– Bleeding in gums and nose
– Outbreak of skin spots
How is the virus spread?
Dengue virus is transmitted to humans from mosquito bites. When the insect bites someone who suffers from this disease and then goes and bites another who does not have it, it transmits the virus to the latter. However, the virus is not transmitted by contact with objects or through breast milk.
How can we prevent getting dengue?
In general, extreme health and hygiene care in our homes. In addition, it is advisable to use powerful action repellents. We recommend you take into account and apply the following tips:
Check containers and objects in your patio, terrace or outside your home that can accumulate water such as cans, plastics, containers, tires, etc. and empty or throw them away to prevent the proliferation of mosquitoes.
Apply repellents on exposed skin every 4 hours.
If you are doing activities in an area of many mosquitoes, prefer long-sleeved clothing and long pants.
Put spirals or repellent tablets in the different environments of your home. Also use insecticides for local use in certain places where you think mosquitoes can proliferate.
Place mosquito net doors and windows to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home.
Control the water accumulated in dishes and pot holders
Performs weeding and cutting grass periodically.
Remember that in the drains, gutters, wells and pluvials of your house water can accumulate. Clean them and keep them in good condition.
It is also advisable to remove the accumulated water from the hollows of trees, wells, abandoned latrines and walls, filling gaps where rainwater can gather.
Those containers that you do not want to throw away, cover them if they are open or turn them upside down to avoid unnecessary water accumulation.
Attention with the pool. If you don’t use it, empty it and save it. If you are going to use it instead, keep the water properly clean by adding chlorine and (preferably) placing a plastic cover when you do not use it.
Some very interesting facts to keep in mind … (according to WHO report)
Dengue is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes.
The infection causes flu symptoms and sometimes evolves into a life-threatening condition called severe dengue.
In the last decades the incidence of dengue in the world has increased enormously.
About half of the world’s population is at risk of contracting this disease.
Dengue occurs in tropical and subtropical climates throughout the planet, especially in urban and semi-urban areas.
In some Asian and Latin American countries, severe dengue is a cause of illness and death in children.
There is no specific treatment for dengue or severe dengue, but timely detection and access to adequate medical assistance reduce mortality rates below 1%.
Dengue prevention and control depend exclusively on effective vector control measures.
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